"Pacific Coast Business Directory for 1876-78," Compiled By Henry G. Langley, Editor of the California State Register, Pacific Coast Almanac, San Francisco, 1875. Gazetteer and Business Directory of Idaho Territory

Mount Idaho, Nez Perce Co.

P O 65 miles s e of Lewiston
Brown L P, postmaster, and hotel
Buchan James, shoe maker
Day C M, teacher
Howser D H, liquor saloon
Malick P H, liquor saloon
Malone H, teacher
Ogle M A Miss, teacher
Rice & Jewell, blacksmiths
Rudolph & Co, general merchandise
Sears C A, drugs and medicines, paints and oils
Wheeler & Co, flour mills
Wheeler & Toothakor, lumber manufacturers

Newsom Creek, Nez Perce Co,

P O 105 miles — of Lewiston
McConnell D B, postmaster
McPherson & Bro, butchers
Sateler Charles, blacksmith

Nez Perce County. Organized in 1864.

Bounded on the north by Shoshone and Kootenai Counties, east by Montana Territory and Lemhi County, south by Idaho and Ada Counties, and west by the State of Oregon and Washington Territory. Area, 7,300 square miles. Assessed valuation of property for 1874, $566,330. County seat, Lewiston. Principal towns, Elk City, and Fort Lapwai. The general appearance of the face of the county is rugged and mountainous. The lofty range of the Salmon River Mountains intersects the entire county, running from north-west to southeast. Camas Prairie, the oldest settled part in the Territory, is situated in the northwest corner of the county, and possesses a soil of great fertility, yielding abundant crops of cereals. The Valley of the Clearwater, which river flows along the northern boundary, also contains extensive fertile agricultural lands. Placer mines, of limited extent, occur at the contluence of the Snake and Clearwater rivers, in the vicinity of Lewiston. The Snake River, the great southern fork of the Columbia, flows along the western border, and being navigable by steamboats atfords a convenient channel of commerce. A great portion of the country remains unexplored, but recent reports indicate great wealth in placer and quartz in the Salmon River Mountains.

Officers: John G. Berry, County Judge; W. P. Hunt, Clerk, Recorder, and Auditor; John Clark, District Attorney; Ezra Baird, Sheriff; H. W. Stainton, Treasurer; W. C.Pearson, Assessor, and Tax Collector; Edward Hannigan, Surveyor; J. Q. Moxley, Superintendent Public Schools.

Oneida County,

situated in the extreme southeastern partof Idaho Territory, was created in 1864, and is bounded on the north by Lemhi, east by Wyoming Territory, south by Utah, and west by Owyhee and Alturas. Area 17,850 square miles. Assessed valuation of property for 1874 $654,915. Population 7,000. County seat, Malad City. Principal towns, Franklin, Paris, and Soda Springs. The county is intersected by three ranges of mountains running north and south, between which are large and fertUe valleys, all more or less cultivated and producing in abundance grain and vegetables of every variety, the average yield of wheat being forty bushels per acre. The county being contiguous to Utah, and the valleys generally leading thereto, they were naturally sought and settled by the Mormons of that territory, and as a consequence, the manner of farming and general thrift is characteristic of that people. The farms are generally irrigated, for which the mountain streams entering the valley furnish the means, and crops are made certain and prolific. Large areas of these fine valley lands are yet vacant and invite settlement. The survey of public lands available exceed one million acres in this county. Stock raising is one of the principal industries and is yearly increasing in extent. The Utah Northern Railroad, a narrow gauge, from the Central Pacific at Bingham Junction enters the county by the Bear Lake Valley and will soon be completed to Soda Springs At that point are valuable medicinal springs, which, with the fine scenery and bracing mountain atmosphere are expected to be the resort of many visitors. The Fort Hall Indian Reservation is in the center of the county, on Ross Fork of Snake River, and occupies some 900 square miles of the finest grazing lands of the county.

Oro Grande, Lemhi Co.

P O address Salmon City, ninety miles south west of Salmon City
Baxter James, general merchandise (Loon Creek)
Morgan John, blacksmith

Ovid, Oneida Co.

P O 90 miles e of Malad City
Edlelsen N C, postmaster
Jensen Peter, shoe maker
Kunz C & J, cheese manufacturers
Kunz .lohn rfr & Co, cheese manufacturers
Larson P, carpenter
Mathesen M, carpenter
Petersen Erastus, furniture
Petersen & Lashbrooks, carpenters

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