Canyon County

CANYON ESTABLISHED 1891
COUNTY SEAT Caldwell
Canyon County was named for the small canyon through which the Boise River flows near Caldwell. What is now Canyon County played an important part in the early history of Idaho. Efforts to establish posts at the mouth of the Boise River in 1812-13 and in 1819 were not successful. The Hudson's Bay Company established Fort Boise in 1834 near what is now Parma and it was abandoned in 1855. Emigrants traveled through Canyon County on the Oregon Trail, and in 1854. twenty-one persons were killed in the Ward Massacre south of Middleton. The early settlers located farms along the Boise and Snake rivers, and population quickly expanded when the Oregon Short Line crossed the county in 1883. Caldwell was platted in 1883 and incorporated in 1889. Nampa was incorporated in 1890 and the College of Idaho was founded at Caldwell in 1891. Agriculture is the chief industry of the county made possible by a vast acreage of irrigated land, and it has numerous small manufacturing and processing plants. -- "The Idaho Almanac," 1977 Edition, State of Idaho."


Historic Postal Records

BOWMAN 1892-1894, 1894-1902  
established July 14, 1892, Harrison C. Jackson
Caser R. Smith, May 19, 1893
closed February 1, 1894
re-opened April 4, 1894, Mounce B. Bowman
discontinued June 30, 1902, mail to Roswell


BOWMONT 1911-1954 was NEWELL 
established January 26, 1910, as Newell
renamed Bowmont, August 23, 1923
Maggie M. Messmore
William Brothers, November 29, 1913
Frank Trayer, May 9, 1914
Arthur Diehlmar, March 29, 1918
Guy E. Kelly, August 17, 1918
William E. Marcum, October 17, 1919
Charles S. White, June 11, 1930
discontinued, July 15, 1954, mail to Nampa
10 m. S. of Nampa, 8 m. N. of Melba


BYRAM 1910-1912 
established May 25, 1910, Jessie P. Byram
discontinued November 30, 1912, mail to Middleton 


CALDWELL 1883-Date (county seat)
established October 29, 1883, Theodore F. Davidson
Theodore W. Borne, June 11, 1885
Wilbur S. Bradley, April 24, 1887
Henry K. Hartley, February 6, 1895
Sophis Davis, January 28, 1899
Jake Horn, March 2, 1911
J. C. Ford, March 23, 1915
Justin B. Gowen, October 30, 1921
26 m. W. of Boise, 8 m. NW of Nampa
34 m. SE of Ontario, Oreg., 33 m. SE of Payette, Idaho 


CANYON 1869-1870 
established September 21, 1869, George W. Burns
discontinued March 2, 1879 


GREENLEAF 1908-Date
established April 30, 1918, Caleb J. Antrim
George W. Glemmons(?), January 23, 1911
Caleb J. Antrim, August 5, 1911
Seburn D. Williams, August 27, 1919
Richard D. Street, March 9, 1921
7 m. W. of Caldwell, 6 m. E. of Wilder
Section 27, T4N, R4W


HOUSTON 1920-Date 
established March 8, 1920, Mildred March
Carl O. Hammar, June 13, 1929


LEMP 1901-1904 was LOWER BOISE 
  renamed NOTUS 
established September 21, 1869, as Lower Boise
renamed Lemp, December 13, 1901, Ida B. Mansell
renamed Notus April 14, 1904


LOWER BOISE 1869-1873, 1874-1882  
 1894-1901 renamed LEMP 
established September 21, 1869, James W. Tucker
George A. Chapman, December 19, 1873
discontinued
re-established February 18, 1874
Charles J. F. Peterson, March 11, 1874
Catherine E. Peterson, December 2, 1878
William McKnett, May 16, 1881
discontinued July 17, 1882, mail to Middleton
re-opened March 12, 1894, Albert W. Pugsley
renamed Lemp, December 13, 1901


MELBA 1916-Date  
established July 28, 1916, Clay C. Todd
Rose J. Pettijohn, February 20, 1922
16 m. S. of Nampa


MIDDLETON 1866-Date  
established February 15, 1866, Elijah Burner
Perry Munday, June 26, 1868
Michner R. Jenkins, December 19, 1873
R. Byxbe, May 3, 1871
Abner Packard, June 21, 1875
William Jenkins, September 27, 1877
Edward Shainwald, September 30, 1878
Julus Shainwald, June 21, 1882
Montie B. Guinn, April 19, 1883
Abner Packard, March 24, 1884
Caleb K. Rosewell, May 5, 1885
Solomon Hasbrouck, May 11, 1886
Caleb K. Rosewell, May 24, 1887
Samuel S. Foote, September 27, 1887
Patrick J. Fahy, September 19, 1891
Joseph Hahn, March 30, 1896
Perry Smith, April 5, 1899
discontinued April 30, 1902 (rescinded April 28, 1902)
Josiah Cave, January 12, 1903
Hiram Stark, May 21, 190?
William Lemon, June 25, 1914
William W. McNair, April 3, 1922
6 m. NE of Caldwell, 8 m. W. of Star
Section 9, T4N, R2W


NAMPA 1887-Date  
Alexander Duffes, January 20, 1887
George M. Bowman, April 25, ______
George P. Thompson, October 16, 1888
Daniel Paxon, June 10, 1889
John W. Griffith, February 16, 1890
Dorwood King, April 15, 1893
Ozra E. Van Houten, May 4, 1897
Austin G. Nettleton, November 8, 1899
Claude H. Duvall, June 25, 1909
Howard H. King, July 25, 1913
Herman E. Gregory, May 1, 1920
George C. Jacossen, June 1920
Ned Jenness, May 31, 1924
on UPRy. 20 m. SW of Boise, 9 m. SE of Caldwell
Section 27, T3N, R2W


NEWELL 1910-1911 renamed BOWMONT 
established January 26, 1910, Carmel A. Williams
renamed Bowmont, August 23, 1911


NOTUS 1886-1887,  1904-Date (was LEMP) 
established May 27, 1886, Daniel Harthoff
Mary E. Rubelmann, August 17, 1886
discontinued September 14, 1887, mail to Caldwell
re-established April 14, 1904, by renaming of Lemp
Ida B. Mansell
(see Lower Boise and Lemp)
John B. Shank, August 11, 1905
William D. Pedigo, December 9, 1908
Oral T. Andrews, February, 3, 1915
on Boise River, 8 m. NW of Caldwell
8 m. SE of Parma on UPRy.
Section 28, T5N, R4W


PARMA 1884-Date  
established February 20, 1884, Albert Fouch
Walter B. Mitchell, July 6, 1894
Richard H. Stockton, May 22, 1895
Walter B. Babcock, May 12, 1906
Daniel O. Castater, January 6, 1916
Ralph M. Castater, February 1, 1921
on UPRy. 16 m. NW of Caldwell, 20 m. S. of Ontario, Oregon
on Boise R.
Section 9, T5N, R5W


RIVERSIDE 1879-1879, 1881-1886 
established March 12, 1879, Eliza J. McDowell
discontinued November 9, 1879
re-established September 8, 1882
Loring A. Sevey, March 27, 1882
Nathan Hulty, October 27, 1885
discontinued March 2, 1886, mail to Ontario, Oregon
 

ROSWELL 1893-1954  
established July 11, 1893, Mary A. Murray
Helen M. Brush, June 23, 1899
Claude Van Cottier, May 24, 1907
Harvey E. Hunt, June 8, 1914
discontinued March 15, mail to Parma
4 m. SW of Parma, 6 N. of Wilder
T5N, R5W


UNION 1866-1868  
established May 17, 1866, Edward Price
discontinued September 10, 1868


WALTERS 1888-1898  
established April 24, 1888, Lewellyn R. Walter
Isreal Cannon, August 7, 1893
Shadrach L. Hodgins, August 14, 1896
George W. Resey, April 11, 1898
discontinued December 14, 1898, mail to Guffey
on Snake R. (no bank), 18 m. S. of Nampa
Section 16, T1S, R2W


WILDER 1916-Date 
(was WILDERIA) 
established July 28, 1916, as Wilderia, Charles E. Burton
renamed Wilder August 29, 1916
Charles E. Mitchell, May 7, 1918
Elmer C. Hull, May 31, 1924
Ethel V. Foley, August 22, 1926
Lilla M. Kowalk, September 1, 1926
Claude C. McPherson, Jamuary, 25, 1927
9 m. S. of Parma, 5 W. of Homedale
Section 22, T4N, R4W


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