The Chronological Summary

Source: The History of Idaho, The Gem of the Mountain, by James H. Hawley, Volume I, The S. J. Clarke Publishing Company, 1920; p. 876-880

" . .At first glance many of these events may seem to have no connection with Idaho's career, or at least a very remote connection, yet each is the natural and logical result of something that went before and wielded an influence on something that followed. .

May 2. 1670—The Hudson's Bay Company, the first of the great fur trading corporations, chartered by the British Government.
September 3, 1783—Treaty ending the Revolutionary war and establishing the independence of the United States concluded.
December, 1783—The North–West Company organized as a competitor of the Hudson's Bay Company. This company established the first trading post (Kullyspell House) in what is now the State of Idaho.
May 11, 1792—Capt. Robert Gray entered the mouth of the Columbia River and named the stream after his ship.
April 30, 1803—Province of Louisiana purchased by the United States by the Treaty of Paris.
August 12, 1805—Lewis and Clark entered Idaho.
April 6. 1808—The American Fur Company was chartered by the State of New York.
August, 1808—The Missouri Fur Company organized in St. Louis.
September 10, 1809—David Thompson of the NorthWest Company began the construction of Kullyspell House on the east shore of Lake Pend d'Oreille. This was the first trading post in Idaho.
1810—In the fall of this year Andrew Henry built Fort Henry, near the present Village of Egin, Fremont County. This was the first trading post in Southern Idaho.
April 12, 1811—Astoria founded near the mouth of the Columbia River by representatives of the American Fur Company.
October 16, 1881—The Wilson Price Hunt party encamped at Caldron Linn (now the Town of Milner) on the way down the Snake River. This party was composed of the first white men to enter Southern Idaho this far west.
1821—The Columbia Fur Company was organized.
March. 1822—The Rocky Mountain Fur Company was organized at St. Louis by Gen. W. H. Ashley and Andrew Henry.
July 18, 1832—Battle of Pierre's Hole (now Teton Basin) between white trappers and the Blackfeet Indians.
July, 1832—In the latter part of this month Capt. B. L. E. Bonneville took the first wagons through the South Pass of the Rocky Mountains. These wagons were brought into Idaho a few weeks later.
July 27, 1834—First religious services in Idaho were conducted at old Fort Hall by Rev. Jason Lee.
August 5, 1834—The United States flag was raised at Fort Hall for the first time in Idaho.
September, 1835—Rev. Samuel Parker, the first missionary in the Northwest, arrived at the Nez Perce Village on the Clearwater River.
November, 1836—The Lapwai Mission, the first in Idaho, was established by Rev. H. H. Spalding.
November 15, 1837—Eliza Spalding, the first white child born in Idaho, was born at the Lapwai Mission.
May 16, 1839—The first printing press in Idaho was set up at the Lapwai Mission and used for printing books in the Nez Perce language.
May 20, 1843—The Oregon Provisional Government was organized at Sham-poig.
May 19, 1846—President Polk approved an act of Congress providing for a line of military posts along the Oregon Trail.
June 55, 1846—A treaty was concluded at Washington, D. C., by which Great Britain relinquished all claims to the Oregon country. By this treaty Idaho became the territory of the United States.
July 15, 1847—The first company of Mormons arrived at Salt Lake. Mormon colonists from Salt Lake afterward made the first permanent settlement in Idaho.
November 29, 1847—Dr. Marcus Whitman, his wife and thirteen other white persons killed by Cayuse Indians at the Waiilatpu Mission.
August 14, 1848—President Polk approved an act of Congress creating the Territory of Oregon.
March 3, 1853—Washington Territory created by act of Congress, including all the present State of Idaho.
June, 1854—A company of Mormons established a settlement in what is now Lemhi County, Idaho.
June 11, 1855—Treaty of Camp Stevens with the Nez Perce Indians, by which the tribe ceded to the United States a large tract of land, part of which lies within the limits of Idaho.
July 16, 1855—Treaty of Hellgate, Mont., with the Flathead, Kootenai and Upper Pend d'Oreille Indians, by which those tribes ceded to the United States lands in Montana and Idaho.
April 14, 1860—The first permanent settlement in Idaho was founded at Franklin by thirteen Mormon families from Salt Lake.
1860—In the spring of this year Capt. E. D. Pierce discovered gold on Oro Fino Creek, in what is now Clearwater County.
August, 1860—Massacre of the Otter party of immigrants by Indians near the present town of Hagerman, Gooding County.
1860—The first school in Idaho for white children was taught in the fall of this year at Franklin by Miss Hannah Cornish.
August 2, 1862—The first number of the Golden Age, Idaho's first newspaper, was issued at Lewiston.
January 29, 1863—Battle of Bear River (or Battle Creek) in which Bear Hunter's band of Bannock and Shoshone Indians was annihilated by General Connor.
March 1, 1863—Capt. Jeff Standifer's military company was organized at Placerville.
March 3, 1863—President Abraham Lincoln approved the act of Congress creating the Territory of Idaho.
March 10, 1863—President Lincoln appointed the first territorial officers for Idaho.
June 9, 1863—Treaty with the Nez Perce Indians at the council grounds in the Lapwai Valley, by which the tribe ceded additional lands to the United States.
October 1, 1863—Treaty with the western bands of Shoshone Indians, by which they ceded to the United States a large tract of land, a considerable portion of which is within the present State of Idaho.
October 31, 1863—First election in Idaho for members of the Legislature and a delegate to Congress.
December 7, 1863—The first session of the Territorial Legislature was convened at Lewiston.
March 4, 1864—G. C. Lowry, David Renton (alias Howard), and James Romaine hanged at Lewiston for the murder of Lloyd Magruder.
May 22, 1864—Montana Territory cut off from Idaho.
August 11, 1864—The first overland stage arrived at Boise.
1864—The first school at Florence was taught by Mrs. Statira E. Robinson.
December 7, 1864—Governor Lyon approved an act of the Legislature removing the capital of the territory from Lewiston to Boise City.
December 12, 1864—Boise City incorporated by act of the Legislature.
January 15, 1867—The first Catholic mass in Boise was celebrated at the home of John A. O'Farrell.
January 22, 1867—President Andrew Johnson approved the bill appropriating $40,000 for a territorial penitentiary in Idaho.
June 14, 1867—The executive order of President Johnson establishing the Fort Hall Indian reservation was issued.
October 2, 1867—Rev. Daniel S. Tuttle, missionary bishop of the Protestant Episcopal Church, arrived in Boise.
July 3, 1868—Treaty of Fort Bridger, by which the Shoshone Indians confirmed the treaty of October 1, 1863.
September 24, 1868—Another treaty with the Shoshone Indians, by which the Fort Lemhi reservation was established.
July 30, 1869—Boundaries of the Fort Hall Indian reservation were defined by order of President Grant.
March 3, 1873—Congress granted John W. Young a charter to build a railroad from Salt Lake City to Montana. This railroad (the Utah & Northern) was the first in Idaho.
August 31, 1874—The first telegraph message ever received in Idaho was received at Silver City.
September 17, 1875—The first telegraph line to Boise was completed and opened for business.
March 31, 1877—The Duck Valley Indian reservation was established.
June 14, 1877—Beginning of the Nez Perce war.
June 57, 1877—Battle of the White Bird.
July 5. 1877—Battle of the Cottonwood.
July 11–12, 1877—Battle of the Clearwater.
October 5, 1877—Chief Joseph surrendered at Bear Paw Mountain in Northern Montana.
May 28, 1878—Beginning of the war with the Bannock Indians.
June 23, 1878—Battle of Silver Creek.
July 8, 1878—Indians defeated in the Blue Mountains. Last battle of the war.
August 20, 1879—Sheepeater Indians defeated at the battle of Loon Creek by white troops commanded by Lieutenant Farrow.
September 1, 1879—The Sheepeater war was ended by the surrender of the Indians to Lieutenant Farrow in the Seven Devils region. This was the end of trouble with hostile Indians in Idaho.
July 17, 1881—Jim Bridger, noted scout and trapper died at his home near Kansas City, Mo.
February 7, 1883—The Oregon Short Line Railroad completed to Shoshone, now the county seat of Lincoln County.
September, 1883—The Oregon Short Line Railroad completed to Weiser, making a line across the entire State of Idaho.
May 4, 1886—Duck Valley Indian reservation enlarged by executive order of President Cleveland.
January, 1889—The University of Idaho established by act of the Legislature.
May 11, 1889—Gov. George L. Shoup issued his proclamation ordering an election for delegates to a constitutional convention.
July 4, 1889—The constitutional convention net at Boise and remained in session until the 6th of August.
November 5, 1889—The constitution ratified by the people by a vote of 12,398 to 1,773.
July 3, 1890—President Benjamin Harrison approved the act of Congress admitting Idaho into the Union as a state.
August 20, 1890—First republican state convention for the nomination of candidates for state offices held at Boise.
August 26, 1890—First democratic state convention met at Boise and nominated candidates for the state offices.
October 1, 1890—First state election in Idaho.
December 8, 1890—First State Legislature convened at Boise and continued in session until March 14, 1891.
October 3, 1892—The University of Idaho opened for the reception of students.
May 23, 1894—The cornerstone of the main building of the Soldiers' Home laid, and the institution was opened in November following.
November 3, 1896—General election at which the constitutional amendment giving women the right of suffrage was adopted by a vote of 12,126 to 6,282.
October 4, 1897—Women served on a jury for the first time in Idaho.
February 15, 1898—The United States Battleship Maine blown up in Havana Harbor, with a loss of 266 men.
April 23, 1898—President McKinley issued a proclamation calling for 125,000 volunteers for service in the war with Spain.
May 19, 1898—The First Idaho Regiment left for the Philippine Islands. It returned home in September, 1899.
April 29, 1899—The Bunker Hill and Sullivan mine at Wardner, Shoshone County, blown up with dynamite by striking miners.
December 30, 1905—Ex–Gov. Frank Steunenberg assassinated by a bomb placed at the gate in front of his residence in Caldwell.
November 25, 1906—Ex–Gov. Frank W. Hunt died at Goldfield, Nev.; his remains were brought to Boise for burial.
March 12, 1907—The Idaho State Historical Society created by an act of the Legislature.
May 9, 1907—William D. Haywood, secretary and treasurer of the Western Federation of Miners, placed on trial at Boise for complicity in the assassination of ex—Governor Steunenberg.
March 8, 1908—Harry Orchard sentenced to be hanged for the murder of ex–Governor Steunenberg, but on July 2, 1908, his sentence was commuted to life imprisonment by the board of pardons.
December 27, 1910—The Children's Home at Boise dedicated with appropriate ceremonies.
May 25, 1911—The first "all steel" passenger train passed through Idaho on the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railroad.
October 17, 1912—United States Senator W. B. Heyburn died.
June 18, 1916—The Second Regiment, Idaho National Guard, mobilized at Boise for service on the Mexican border.
January 22, 1917—The Second Idaho Regiment returned from the Mexican border and was mustered out of the United States service.
April 6, 1917—The United States Congress declared war against Germany.
May 1, 1917—The prohibition amendment to the state constitution became effective and Idaho then "went dry."
May 7, 1917—The Idaho State Council of Defense organized with Harry L. Day as chairman.
June 5, 1917—First registration under the selective draft act. Idaho registered 41,921 men between the ages of twenty–one and thirty–one years.
June 26, 1917—The Second Idaho Regiment mobilized at Boise.
August 5, 1917—The Second Idaho Regiment mustered into the United States service for the war with Germany, 2,008 strong.
October 7, 1917—Main building of the Soldiers' Home at Boise destroyed by fire.
December 5, 1917—Main building of the State Normal School at Lewiston was destroyed by fire.
January 13, 1918—United States Senator James H. Brady died.
March 1, 1918—Captain Stewart W. Hoover, of Blackfoot, killed in France —the first Idaho soldier to be killed in action in the World war.
May 21–22, 1918—War conference held at Boise under the auspices of the State Council of Defense.
June 5, 1918—Second registration of men under the selective draft act, including those who had reached the age of twenty–one years since the first registration the year before.
September 12, 1918—Registration of all men in the state between the ages of eighteen and forty–six years for military duty, subject to draft.
November 11, 1918—Representatives of Germany signed the armistice bringing the war to a close. The event was celebrated with rejoicing in all the cities and towns of the country.
February 19, 1919—Act of fifteenth session of the Legislature approved, vitalizing section V of article IV of the constitution of the state by the creation of the "Governor's Cabinet" and thereby conferring upon the governor the power and responsibilities of conducting the principal departments of the state government.
April 1, 1919—Governor's Cabinet appointed and entered upon the discharge of their official duties.

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