Boise County, an original county

"Boise County was named for the French word meaning "wooded", given earlier to the Boise River. Fur trappers were in what is now Boise County as early as 1824. Gold was discovered in Boise Basin in 1862, and it was one of the richest gold mining districts in the nation. Its wealth helped develop the state politically and economically. Sawmills operated in the county in 1864, and after the mining boom subsided, lumbering became an important industry through the remainder of its history. Tourism and recreation also are important to the county. Fish and game are plentiful in its mountains, and Idaho City, which at its peak in the 1860's and 1870's had about 10,000 inhabitants, and was for a time the largest city in the northwest, attracts thousands of tourists each year. Agriculture exists in some of the valleys, particularly at Horseshoe Bend and in Garden Valley."-- "The Idaho Almanac," 1977 Edition, State of Idaho. map from Almanac  ::  ISU atlas map

Boise County is the "parent county" to
Ada County (Dec 1864),
Washington County (Feb 1879),
Adams County (established March 1911 from Washington County),
Canyon County (March 1891),
Gem County (March 1915 from Canyon County and part of the then-existing Boise County),
Payette County (1917 from Canyon County)
and the southern half of Valley County (Feb 1917).

Boise County as we know it today is largely mountainous timber, cut by the Payette River in the west and the north and the Boise River in the south. Over eighty percent of the county is public land.

The first post office in this part of the state was established at Placerville in 1863. (Boise County post office history)

Boise County and Idaho City on "Pacific Coast Business Directory for 1876-78," Compiled By Henry G. Langley, Editor of the California State Register, Pacific Coast Almanac, San Francisco, 1875: "Pacific Coast Business Directory for 1876-78," Compiled By Henry G. Langley, Editor of the California State Register, Pacific Coast Almanac, San Francisco, 1875.

Banner Summit and Emile Grandjean
Boise County by Hawley, 1920
Brownlee Trail, Brownlee, Dry Buck
Brownlee Cemetery
Eagle Eye, Last Chief of the Tukudika
Harris Creek Toll Gate
Martial Law, 1931, "to prevent incenciarism;" in Idaho, Boise, Gem, Valley, Adams, Custer and Lemhi Counties
Post Offices and Postmasters
John H. Porter Biography
Star Ranch and Ranft family history
Mining Districts 1898 (Map)
1899 Mining Report
Off site - Boise County Sentinel at Salmon Public Library, 1912 & 1916, published at Sweet; plus other publications
off site - digitized Idaho newspapers at Library of Congress - includes Idaho World

Images -
Idaho World, Apr 6, 1877, describing St. Patrick's Day celebration in Idaho City: music by Messrs. Mace Chapman, Lucus and Robinson; hostess Mrs. Carnthers
Horseshoe Bend 1911 (postcard)
Horseshoe Bend Dam c. 1910
Power Dam, Horseshoe Bend, c. 1910

Payette River Canyon, N. Horseshoe Bend
South Fork Near Lowman

(click for larger image)

American History and Genealogy Project

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