CANYON COUNTY

ESTABLISHED 1891
COUNTY SEAT Caldwell
Canyon County was named for the small canyon through which the Boise River flows near Caldwell. What is now Canyon County played an important part in the early history of Idaho. Efforts to establish posts at the mouth of the Boise River in 1812-13 and in 1819 were not successful. The Hudson's Bay Company established Fort Boise in 1834 near what is now Parma and it was abandoned in 1855. Emigrants traveled through Canyon County on the Oregon Trail, and in 1854, twenty-one persons were killed in the Ward Massacre south of Middleton. The early settlers located farms along the Boise and Snake rivers, and population quickly expanded when the Oregon Short Line crossed the county in 1883. Caldwell was platted in 1883 and incorporated in 1889. Nampa was incorporated in 1890 and the College of Idaho was founded at Caldwell in 1891. Agriculture is the chief industry of the county made possible by a vast acreage of irrigated land, and it has numerous small manufacturing and processing plants. -- "The Idaho Almanac," 1977 Edition, State of Idaho."

map     ISU atlas map    1895 Rand McNally map (includes parts of Gem & Payette Cos.)    Neighboring Counties

Note: Canyon County is 98% private ownership.


John Reed (Reid), trapping on Boise River (1813)
History of Fort Boise (1834)
      Alexander Ross' Journal, 1824 (off-site)
      John Work's Journal, 1830-31 (off-site)
Langley'1876 Directory, alpha index
Assassination of Governor Steunenberg (l905)
History of Canyon County, by James Hawley, 1920
The Fabulous Col. Dewey
Historic Postal Records
"Our Heritage...the McConnels", Parma Review, September 16, 1971
       Bio of Benjamin C. McConnel
      Bio of Walter McConnel
      see McConnel Homesteads for family sheets, more biographies and photos
Canyon County Photos
Library of Congress, Chronicling America, includes -
   1868, Jan. 11: Snake River Froze Over, Owyhee Stage returned to Boise, Idaho Semi-weekly world - looks like the route would have been through Walter's Ferry
   1869 ad for Owyhee and Boise Stage Line
   1897 Caldwell Tribune ad, Grand Ball, New Year's Eve

Canyon County Links

Celebration Park, Idaho's only archaeological park
Find A Grave - Canyon County
City of Nampa Interment and Genealogy Site
Idaho Meanderings: Steunenberg, Trial of the Century, Labor, Legal, Political History
How Did We Get Here? Lita Genealogy Blog

Other Links
Canyon Co., IDGenWeb
Canyon Co. USGenweb Archives




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Copyright © 2013 - Sharon McConnel. All Rights Reserved.